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Seizures

Image of dog laying down on the floor.

Seizures are common in dogs, but more unusual in cats. Seizures are just symptoms which can occur with many kinds of diseases. They can happen because of diseases outside the brain or inside the brain. Low blood sugar that can happen with an overdose of insulin or with a tumor of the pancreas can cause seizures. They can happen with diseases of the liver or kidneys. Ingestion of toxins such as snail bait can cause seizures. Lesions of the brain such as tumors, abscesses, granulomas, infections, or inflammatory diseases can cause seizures. Epilepsy may cause seizures.

Seizures most commonly last for a few seconds to a couple minutes. Grand mal seizures cause the head to go back and the legs stiffen with rhythmic jerking. The pet is usually unconscious. Smaller partial seizures may be more difficult to recognize, but you should be suspicious of any repetitive rhythmic movements. After the seizure, the pet usually enters the post ictal phase where it is dazed, lethargic, and not able to walk normally. This phase may last for minutes, hours, or days. A pet may have one seizure, and never have another, but most commonly they do recur.

Testing should be done to try to determine the cause of the seizures. Blood testing, urinalysis, and liver function tests are commonly done. An MRI of the brain or a spinal tap may also be needed.

Intravenous medication can be given by a veterinarian to stop a seizure. If the seizures become too frequent, usually any more than every four to six weeks, anti- convulsant medication can be given to try to reduce future seizures. Anti-convulsant medicine does not guarantee a pet will never have another seizure, but it tends to make the seizures shorter in duration and less frequent. Phenobarbitol is the most common anti-convulsant medicine prescribed. When a dog first starts on this medicine, it will act like it is drunk for the first week or so, until it becomes accustomed to the drug. Phenobarbitol is given twice daily, and once it is started, it is usually given for the life of the pet.

Potassium bromide is the second most common anti-convulsant prescribed. It is available only at special compounding pharmacies. It is usually formulated into a liquid. It can be administered to the dog by squirting it onto a piece of bread that is fed to the dog once daily. Potassium bromide can be toxic to people, therefore, it is advised to wear gloves when handling this drug.

Location

"Making the best years for your best friend"

Office Hours

Our Regular Schedule

Monday:

8:00 am-4:00 pm

Tuesday:

10:00 am-6:00 pm

Wednesday:

2:00 pm-9:00 pm

Thursday:

10:00 am-6:00 pm

Friday:

8:00 am-4:00 pm

Saturday:

9:00 am-2:00 pm

Sunday:

Closed

Testimonials

Feedback from our clients

  • "We have taken our furry friends to Dr. Nicoletti for a very long time. He is wonderful! Everyone there is great! Thanks for getting our newest furry in and taken care of. She came to us damaged and they helped us help her."
    Jennie Lewton Strubel
  • "Attila and Daisy say all 8 paws up for Dr Nicolleti, Anna and staff!!!"
    Nora Custer
  • "I couldn't take my animals any other place. Dr.Chico has so much love and compassion for not only my fur babies, but for me as their owner.. His charges are so reasonable, and his care for them is beyond words..
    I would like for them to give their birds names.. How about Bonnie and Clyde, or Frick and Frack..."
    Bert J Dinsio
  • "Dr. Nicoletti and the St. Kitts Veterinary Clinic staff are great people, kind and compassionate friends who love our pets as much as we do. Our cats -- and your pets -- will be in good hands if you need to visit St. Kitts."
    Robbie Lewis
  • "Dr. Nicoletti and the St. Kitts Veterinary Clinic staff are great people, kind and compassionate friends who love our pets as much as we do. Our cats -- and your pets -- will be in good hands if you need to visit St. Kitts."
    Robbie Lewis
  • "Dr. Nicolette was my vet for years. I trust him completely. He really cares about the animals under his care. My husband took our one dog to another vet once. That vet ran unnecessary test and ran the bill up double of what Dr. Nicolette charged me to treat the problem. We moved to Florida 3yrs ago and I still haven't found a vet I trust as much as Dr. Nicolette."
    Kassey Thomas